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Water Mill

Primary School

Anything is possible

Science at Water Mill



At Watermill Primary School it is our aim that all pupils will develop their scientific ability, as an essential component of all subjects and as a subject in its own right. A good understanding of scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding will help to support pupils work across the curriculum.



At Watermill Primary School we believe that a high-quality Science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity. All pupils are taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of Science. Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils are encouraged to recognise the power of explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They are encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes.

Science in our school is about developing children’s ideas and ways of working that enable them to make sense of the world in which they live through investigation, as well as through using and applying process skills. The staff at Watermill Primary School ensure that all children are exposed to high quality teaching and learning experiences, which allow children to explore their outdoor environment and locality, thus developing their scientific enquiry and investigative skills. They are immersed in scientific vocabulary, which aids children’s knowledge and understanding not only of the topic they are studying, but of the world around them. We intend to provide all children, regardless of ethnic origin, gender, class, aptitude or disability, with a broad and balanced science curriculum.



In ensuring high standards of teaching and learning in science, we implement a curriculum that is progressive throughout the whole school.

Using a carefully developed science curriculum which plans for knowledge and skills in all areas to be logically built up, we ensure all learning opportunities are age appropriate and in line with ‘The National Curriculum programmes of study for Science 2014’ and, ‘Understanding of the World’ in the Early Years Foundation Stage. Science teaching at Water Mill School involves adapting and extending the curriculum to match all pupils’ needs. Teachers adapt plans to suit their children’s interests, current events, links to their theme, their own teaching style, the use of any support staff and the resources available.

We ensure that all children are provided with rich learning experiences that will:

  • Prepare our children for life in an increasingly scientific and technological world today and in the future
  • Help our children acquire a growing understanding of the nature, processes and methods of scientific ideas
  • Build on our children’s natural curiosity and developing a scientific approach to problems
  • Encouraging open-mindedness, self-assessment, perseverance and developing the skills of investigation – including: observing, measuring, predicting, hypothesising, experimenting, communicating, interpreting, explaining and evaluating
  • Develop the use of scientific language, recording and techniques
  • Make links between science and other subjects

At Water Mill Primary School, we aspire to promote children’s independence and for all children to take responsibility in their own learning. Tasks enable the children to discuss and explain scientific concepts clearly and precisely, building the children’s respect for each other and confidence in themselves.


Key Concepts

The key concepts that are studied and revisited in science in each year group are:







Anything composed of parts arranged together in some way


A specific job or procedure


The presence of differences between living things of the same species


The process by which animals, plants and other living things have changed so that they better suit their habitat

Cause and effect

Cause is why something happens

Effect is what event has happened as a result of this


Changing from one material/state to another


The way that living things change over time


The process of increasing in size


Strength and power. There are many forms such as thermal (heat), radiant (light) or kinetic (movement)


A series of actions or steps taken in order to achieve a particular end

Similarity and Difference

Similarity is sameness or a likeness between things and differences are a point or way in which people or things are dissimilar

Working scientifically

The processes of science: asking questions, designing experiments, reasoning and arguing with scientific evidence and analysing and interpreting data


Key vocabulary and terms are learnt during each theme and revisited as appropriate in subsequent years.



The impact and measure of this is to ensure children not only acquire the appropriate age-related knowledge linked to the science curriculum, but also skills which equip them to progress from their starting points,  within their everyday lives and in their future learning.


All children will have:

  • A wider variety of skills linked to both scientific knowledge and understanding and scientific enquiry/investigative skills.
  • A richer vocabulary which will enable them to articulate their understanding of taught concepts.
  • High aspirations, which will see them through to further study, work and a successful adult life.

For further information about our science curriculum click on the inks below:



Contact Us

Water Mill Primary School Water Mill Close, Selly Oak, Birmingham, B29 6TS
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